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I. Harding Hughes, Jr. papers

Identifier: AC-126

Scope and Contents

The I. Harding Hughes, Jr., Papers include 46 oral history interviews Hughes conducted from 1983-1999, related documents, including typed transcriptions of four interviews, and five "due bills," tokens issued by the Valle Crucis Company, Inc. for barter.

Series 1, Interviews, 1983-1999, consists of 46 oral history interviews recorded on 41 audiocassettes and one CD listening copy of the interview with Rosa Townsend Green (audiocassette 14). The audiocassettes are arranged alphabetically according to the interviewee's last name and is labeled with a cassette number (1-41). The interview with Rosa Townsend Green has been copied to CD and is available for listening use in the Dougherty Reading Room.

Series 2, Related Documents, includes textual materials Hughes collected and created while writing his two books. Subseries A, Biographical Notes on Interviewees, contains Hughes' notes on the individuals he interviewed. Subseries B, Transcripts, contains typed transcriptions of four interviews. Series C, Clippings, contains approximately 30 news clippings and magazine stories about Valle Crucis landmarks, people, and history.

Series 3, Valle Crucis Company Due Bills, consists of five due bills, or tokens, and handwritten notes describing their use on two index cards. The Valle Crucis Company, Inc., also known as Farthing's Store, was operated by Richard Aubyn Farthing from 1914 to 1952.

Missing Title

  1. Farthing General Store
  2. Oral history
  3. Valle Crucis Company
  4. Valle Crucis Mission School (N.C.)
  5. Valle Crucis (N.C.)--Genealogy


  • 1983-1999, undated

Biographical/Historical note

Israel Harding Hughes, Jr., (d. August 18, 2009) wrote Valle Crucis: A History of an Uncommon Place (1995) and My Valle Crucis: The Thirties (2002). Hughes was born June 5, 1923, in Greensboro, NC, to Israel Harding and Josephine Bowen Hughes. In 1925, his parents built a house, "Tapawingo," in Valle Crucis and the family spent the summers there during the 1930s. After graduation from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in January 1944, Hughes was commissioned an ensign in the Naval Reserve. He served in WWII aboard the destroyer escort U.S.S. Moore. In May, 1946, he retired from active duty. In 1948, he graduated from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, with a Master's in Public Administration. Hughes worked for the cities of Flint, Michigan, Winston-Salem, N.C., and Aiken, S.C., before becoming the city manager in Durham, N.C., a position he held from 1963-1977.

Valle Crucis, North Carolina, is an unincorporated community located in central Watauga County, North Carolina, near the junction of Dutch Creek and Watauga River. Its name is Latin for "Valley of the Cross," because of the shape of the 600 acre Watauga River valley. Valle Crucis is the home of the nineteenth century Episcopal mission and several historic general stores, including the Mast General Store. Hughes' father and grandfather were Episcopal priests with connections to the community, which was established as an Episcopal mission in 1842.


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Language of Materials



The I. Harding Hughes, Jr., Papers document community life in twentieth century Valle Crucis, a small community in Watauga County, North Carolina. The collection consists of 46 oral history interviews recorded on 41 audiocassettes, research notes, news clippings and other materials Hughes used in the creation of his two books, Valle Crucis: A History of an Uncommon Place and My Valle Crucis: The Thirties.

Acquisitions Information

I. Harding Hughes, Jr., donated this collection on July 10, 2002. The accession number was AC.2002.016.

Processing Information

Processed by Kathryn Staley, July 2002; Encoded by Kathryn Staley, Rachel Critzer, April 2005; Revised by Simms Toomey, February 2010.
I. Harding Hughes, Jr. papers
Processed by: Kathryn Staley; machine-readable finding aid created by: Kathryn Staley, Rachel Critzer
Language of description
Script of description
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Language of description note
Description is in English

Repository Details

Part of the Appalachian State University Special Collections Repository

218 College Street
Boone U.S.A. - North Carolina 28608-2026 United States
8282624975 (Fax)